For many, real estate represents a physical asset that can create passive income over time. However, new investors may feel overwhelmed about how to buy their first rental property or unsure of what to look for in a home.

You may be wondering if there is a roadmap to follow in order to find your first rental option. The answer is yes!

By doing the appropriate research and properly managing your finances, almost anyone can make a smart decision about buying rental property. Here are the seven steps to buying your first rental property that anyone can follow.

Step 1: Educate Yourself

Before considering buying rental property, you should do your fair share of homework. The first step is to learn what successful real estate investing looks like. Becoming educated on finding, valuing, and managing rental properties can help you find the best opportunities and determine how to optimize property value over time.

There are many books and websites that can educate you about the ins and outs of buying rental property. The more you understand, the keener you will become on pinpointing the most worthwhile investments. By educating yourself on how rental property works and what tools you should use to evaluate a potential purchase, you can ensure your decisions will return dividends for the life of your investment.

Step 2: Get Your Personal Finances in Order

After learning the ropes, it is time to look at your bank accounts. If your personal finances are not in a place where you can plan for buying additional real estate, you could be setting yourself up for failure.

When evaluating your personal finances to determine if buying rental property is the right investment strategy, consider your current financial picture, overall wealth-building strategy, and long-term goals.

If you are struggling to balance your monthly budget or have significant debt from credit cards, now might not be the best time to start investing. You should also make sure your credit score is in a strong place in the event you need to finance your future purchase. Talking to a financial professional can help you devise a path to adding real estate holdings to your portfolio and building passive income that could potentially last a lifetime.

Step 3: Pick an Investing Strategy

Once you have determined that your finances can support buying rental property, it is important to implement an investing strategy. There are a number of potential property types to choose from, ranging from single-family homes to multi-family properties. Each comes with its own unique sets of pros and cons that should be carefully considered.

No matter which direction you go, it’s smart to start with one real estate investment strategy and stick with it until you feel comfortable buying rental properties and managing them. Owning that first property will provide plenty of lessons through trial and learning, giving you a strong knowledge base to find future investment opportunities.

Step 4: Pick a Market

After educating yourself on buying rental property, qualifying your finances, and selecting an investment strategy, it’s time to find the right location. Picking the right real estate market can help ensure you get long-term gains from your rental home.

Before looking for investment opportunities like bank-owned homes, you should determine if the location presents a good opportunity. Population growth, job demand, and a diversified economy are all strong indicators of a good investment. With these factors in mind, you can scope out the right opportunity at the right price.

Step 5: Find Real Estate Listings

Now that you have determined where you should invest, it is time to start looking for real estate listings. Although plenty of retail listings are available in any given city, you might find a better value in buying rental properties through foreclosure auctions and other listings.

If you’re not sure about where to start searching, you may want to consult a real estate agent for help. A good partner can direct you towards the more desirable parts of the community and give you valuable insight into buying rental properties in the choice markets.

Step 6: Should You Buy or Finance?

When buying rental properties, you may run into the issue of how to purchase your future investment. If you have enough cash on hand, you could buy the home outright. On the other hand, financing in a low-interest rate situation could save money upfront.

Foreclosure auctions are cash only; however, anything online may consider financing (must be non-contingent). The auction programs that may consider financing include:

Which one is right for your situation? If you do decide to get a mortgage on your investment property, be sure to understand how that will affect your net cash flow, as well as any tax implications you may face. Before buying rental properties, it may be beneficial to talk to a tax professional to determine which route is best for your goals.

Step 7: Decide on How to Manage Your Real Estate Investment

Once you have made your first investment, you will need to start managing your purchase. Buying rental properties comes with many responsibilities, including finding qualified tenants and keeping up with routine maintenance and repairs. Do you have the time to keep up with the demands?

As you start buying rental properties, consider how you will manage your time between a full-time job, family obligations, and your real estate investment. If you don’t have the time to work it on your own, you may want to consider hiring a management company to keep up with the day-to-day operations. Although their fees will come out of your net rental income, the exchange could help you keep your sanity while maintaining your passive income strategy.


Over time, investing in real estate can help you grow your income streams and provide a lasting asset as part of your legacy to future generations. By understanding how to buy your first rental property, what to look for, how to finance it, and how to manage it, you can drive continual returns with minimal effort and energy.

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